9th ss panzer division war crimes

Since they knew the terrain well, the support by artillery, heavy mortars and tanks was targeted and effective. Kurz darauf wurde … In Hungary, the Hohenstaufen sealed their status as one of the elite. By the beginning of January the commander the 20th Regiment wrote, “Through unfavorable circumstances (inadequate training of the men and serious shortages of supplies, in particular clothes and shoes) I have very high casualties; mostly due to artillery and, whenever the weather clears, from Jabos. [36]  The 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen conducted a fighting retreat back to the Reich until they were relieved on 25 January. The mud of the spring penetrates every seam and crack, mixes with the oil of the machines, and wears the hinges and bearings.”[13]  Ultimately, the disjointed and tardy German attack to relieve the garrison at Tarnopol ended in failure. The division … These road conditions placed a severe stress on both men and machines. The 9th SS Panzer Division "Hohenstaufen", also known as SS-Panzergrenadier-Division 9, SS-Panzergrenadier-Division 9 Hohenstaufen or 9.SS-Panzer-Division Hohenstaufen, was a German Waffen-SS Armoured division which saw action on both the Eastern and Western Fronts during World War II.The division was activated on the 31 December 1942. Approximately 1,500 were killed, 2,200 were wounded, and the rest were taken prisoner. Polish Campaign (1939) Russo-Finish War: Winter War (1939-1940) and Continuation War (1941-1944) Russo - German War (1941-1945) Committed to the relief attack before the entire division arrived at its debarkation station, Hohenstaufen's  component battalions lacked the time to concentrate into effective combined arms battle groups or even conduct proper reconnaissance. This is a list of Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS divisions that committed war crimes in Italy during World War II.War crimes by German combat divisions in Italy were committed by the Waffen-SS and the Wehrmacht, with its sub-branches, the army, Luftwaffe (air force) and Kriegsmarine (navy). The men of the division were German conscripts … Standartenfuhrer Stadler remembers, “A massed Panzer attack is simply impossible. Approximately 30% of those who arrived were former Luftwaffe personnel. Panzer-Division) was established in 1938. The division was originally formed as an infantry division in 1934. The reconnaissance battalion led by Hauptsturmfuhrer (Captain) Graebner, who at the time of the airborne landings was receiving the Knights Cross for his actions in Normandy, was able to assemble 40 armored vehicles and have them ready for action within two hours[23] (albeit his men would be decimated by the elite British paratroopers when they attempted to advance over the bridge at Arnhem). In relation to this, the history of the 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking reads: ‘It must be remarked at this point that the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen played a decisive part in the fortunate breakout of Wiking. The British paratroops were scattered, lightly armed and possessed no armor. New York: Cornell University, 1966. II./SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt. They fought in the bocage of France, along the dikes of Holland, in the forests of Belgium and the mud of the Eastern Front, and yet the reputation of the original elite divisions overshadows that of the Hohenstaufen. Immediately upon notification, the quick reaction companies of the Hohenstaufen organized themselves for action. May 1945), SS-Sturmbannführer Berhard Hofmann (1 Feb 1943 - 1 July 1944) SS-Hauptsturmführer Walther Jens (1 Aug 1944 - ? Against heavy naval fire, unending streams of tanks, fully motorized infantry, superior artillery, and above all crippling attacks from the air, even the determination of the SS troops came to nothing.”[15], The 9th SS Panzer division was involved in the brutal fighting around the city of Caen and perhaps most notably the bloody combat to seize and hold the critically important heights along Hill 112. He studied history at Southeast Missouri State University, is a graduate of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, and holds a Masters Degree in Military Studies from American Military University. Scarcely was an attack repulsed when the Russians appeared again in another place. [31]Michael Reynolds, Sons of the Reich:  II SS Panzer Corps in Normandy, Arnhem, Ardennes, Eastern Front. Since the Russians expected our attack, the Regiment soon received heavy defensive fire from all weapons. They were part of the Waffen-SS. Initial progress of the attacking divisions was good but the attack soon stalled. The 9th SS Panzer division was involved in the brutal fighting around the city of Caen and perhaps most notably the bloody combat to seize and hold the critically important heights along Hill 112. These NCOs and officers were for the most part veterans who had come from the other Waffen SS divisions. "Justiz und NS-Verbrechen" by C.F. (Havertown: Casemate, 2002), 183. Only a few of the German 1st Panzer Army’s beleaguered defenders were able to break out of the pocket. From here the survivors were expecting to reorganize and receive replacements and equipment. However, the recruitment of volunteers for the new divisions was disappointing. SS-Panzer-Division Hohenstaufen zurückgeschlagen, womit die Einnahme Caens verhindert wurde. [18]Sylvester Stadler, “Combat Report of the 9.SS-Panzer-Division: Hohenstaufen” 7.03.44-7.24.44, As written by Sylvester Stadler in 1947 / MS # B-470”, Internet: article on-line,  Accessed 8 January 2004, available at http://www.feldgrau.com/9ss-cr.html. Despite good weather, the Allied fighter-bombers did not provide the British paratroopers with adequate air support. The Hohenstaufen was initially held in reserve waiting to exploit the planned breakthrough. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically. They deliberately fostered a close relationship between themselves and their men. The conditions under which they fought prevented them from conducting large-scale maneuver warfare so familiar in the histories of the SS units that participated in the invasions of France and Russia, and their demonstrated power of the panzer formations during the maneuver battles of Kharkov and Kursk. With the designation of a full panzer division, the Hohenstaufen received the most mobile and powerful weapons available. SS-Panzer-Division Wiking was formed in December 1940 around the Germania regiment from the SS-Division Verfügungstruppe (later renamed Das Reich). Replacements arrived from the SS replacement units, and many of the original volunteers returned from hospitals after having been wounded in Normandy. They fought in the dense forests around the towns of St. Vith and Bastogne. Melting snow and sudden rains turned the roads into a morass, nearly impassable by most wheeled vehicles and extremely difficult for even the tracked SPWs. The name Hohenstaufen came from the Hohenstaufen dynasty which lasted between 1138 and 1254. SS-Panzer-Division an einem Gegenangriff auf die bei Avranches durchgebrochenen Einheiten der US-Armee teil. Here, the men of the Hohenstaufen tested their training, equipment, and their believed superiority as soldiers against Allied forces with great material strength but also important fighting attributes of their own. there was both a 9th Panzerdivision and a 9th SS-Panzerdivision). . A second problem facing the division was the piecemeal nature of its deployment. The complete superiority of the Allies gradually reduced the combat effectiveness of all the Waffen SS divisions in Normandy. 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend - War Crimes. ), Holders of the Close Combat Clasp in Gold (1)- Golbs, Herbert, 00.00.0000, SS-Oberscharführer, Zugführer i. d. 16./SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt. The division was brought back up to 80% of its authorized strength by the end of October. My primary "interest" would be 1st SS Panzer Division but I won't pay tribute to the many war crimes committed to this division by calling it my "favourite" During the final days of April 1944, the Hohenstaufen was withdrawn to act as a mobile reserve for Heeresgruppe Nordukraine in anticipation of a renewed Russian offensive. Nevertheless the realities of the elements and fighting conditions on the German Eastern Front greatly hampered all combatants, regardless of their training. In his spare time Todd enjoys researching and writing military history with an emphasis on Germany's eastern front during World War II. [26]. The 7th Panzer Division is sometimes known by its nickname, Ghost Division. In 1943 and as the tide fo the war began to turn against Hitler, with the fall of Stalingrad and the loss of North Africa being of particular significance, he placed a greater demand upon the men of the Waffen SS. My case point (and my fav unit of WW2) the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen, From what I know is that 1.Hohenstaufen has NEVER had a legitmate acusation of war crimes against it and in Arnhem where the British 1st Airborne caused them heavy causlties they agreed 2 a cease-fire and helped evacuate British wounded and even when they surrenderd the fact is Hohenstaufen treated them with … Otras unidades extranjeras [ editar ] Uniforme de los British Free Corps , compuestos por voluntarios británicos incluidos en la 11.ª SS-Freiwilligen Panzergrenadier Division «Nordland» . Members of this lineage, which became extinct in 1268, held the German royal and imperial thrones from 1138 to 1254. Title: 12th ss panzer division war crimes PDF Full Ebook Author: Ileen Leigh Subject: open 12th ss panzer division war crimes PDF Full Ebook with size 19.23MB, 12th ss panzer division war crimes PDF Full Ebook is available in currently and writen by Ileen Leigh 20- Kaiser, Wilhelm, 25.12.1944, SS-Unterscharführer, 3./SS-Pz.Aufkl.Abt. The answer to the first question is complex and there are likely a number of reasons why Hohenstaufen is often forgotten. Due to the influx of foreign volunteers, particularly from Denmark, Norway, Sweden, the Netherlands and Belgium, a decision was made to form a volunteer division of the Waffen SSunder the command of German officers. The Allies had won the build up of troops of men and material and had begun expanding their beachhead with a relentless series of assaults that completely upset German timetables. Obersturmbannfuhrer Telkamp, a prudent panzer commander, led the most advanced Kompanie personally and had to determine that his Regiment could not be committed because the heavy vehicles sank into the mud. Normandy The 12th SS Panzer Division remained encamped near Caen until Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Normandy, on 6 June 1944. Dec 1944 - ? Equipment arrived slowly never reaching above 70% of the authorizations. In 1942, New Year's Eve, Adolf Hitler approved the addition of two new SS divisions. 9- Vogel, Erich, 05.12.1944, SS-Obersturmführer, 4./SS-Pz.Rgt. These new formations were to recruit heavily from the 1925-26 year groups, making their core cadre approximately 18 years of age on average. The "Hohenstaufen" cuff title was authorized for this unit 1943. [11]  Though the poor weather helped to slow the Red Army's march west it had far greater logistical backing to help slog through the mud. My case point (and my fav unit of WW2) the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen, From what I know is that 1.Hohenstaufen has NEVER had a legitmate acusation of war crimes against it and in Arnhem where the British 1st Airborne caused them heavy causlties they agreed 2 a cease-fire and helped evacuate British wounded and even when they surrenderd the fact is Hohenstaufen treated them with … Enjoy the documentary on the Third Reich's fierce panzer army "Justiz und NS-Verbrechen" by C.F. Under these circumstances, the attack only went forward with difficulty.”[37], The attack advanced slowly and the combat strength of the Hohenstaufen division melted away. The Hohenstaufen had fought as well as any Waffen SS formations from April 1944 to May 1945. The 12th SS Panzer Division then continued south under commander Witt and established its headquarters at Venoix 2 kilometers southwest of Caen. The quick assemblage of the Hohenstaufen was a direct reflection of the SS leadership and discipline of the SS grenadiers. SS-Panzerdivision "Hohenstaufen") was a Waffen-SS armoured division of Nazi Germany during World War II.It participated in battles on both the Eastern and Western Fronts. For this planned counter attack, the Heavy SS Panzer Abteilung 102 arrived to support the II SS Panzer Corps. These men along with their remaining equipment were ordered back to the homeland for reorganization. Himmler's purpose in forming the division was twofold: in a period of heated bureaucratic infighting and competition for manpower, it permitted him to get around the recruitment caps the Wehrmacht had succeeded in pla… War crimes. Rüter & D.W. de Mildt. Fol­low­ing the com­ple­tion of the in­va­sion of Poland, the lim­ited ef­fec­tive­ness of the light di­vi­sions caused the Ger­man High Com­mand to order the re­or­ga­ni­za­tion of the four light di­vi­sions into full panzer di­vi­sions. The 2nd SS Panzer Division commited many war crimes throughout the war on multiple fronts. That said, the planned counter attack never materialized. Why does Hohenstaufen reside in the shadow of the other divisions, and does it deserve the title of an “elite”? [27]  After nine days of fierce fighting, the remnants of the British 1st Airborne Division retreated across the Rhine. The battles in Normandy were very different from those fought on the German Eastern Front. On 16 June Franz Witt was killed by fire from warships and command of the 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend was transferred to the 33-year-old ‘Panzer-Meyer’. From the beginning of 1943 through March 1944, the Hohenstaufen conducted an intensive training program at multiple locations in France. The 9. Although his attacks were always preceded by heavily massed artillery barrages lasting for hours, his tanks and infantrymen advanced only hesitatingly and very carefully and having suffered some casualties or losses, immediately turned around to have the artillery go into action again. June 1943) SS-Obersturmbannführer Walter Harzer (? Hohenstaufen was ordered to escape and on 18 August managed to avoid being encircled. Although no records of the Hohenstaufen’s casualties exist, Tieke estimates that they may have been as high as 30%. The 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking was one of the elite Panzer divisions of the thirty eight Waffen SS divisions. Their murders, and the consequent search for justice, is well documented. Between 70 and 80 percent of these youths who met the standards for service with the Waffen SS were conscripted. Among the most significant members of this family were Emperor Heinrich VI and Emperor Friedrich I. Barbarossa, who was among Hitler’s favorite historical personalities. However, it was very intensive. The 7th Panzer Division was an armored formation of the German Army in World War II.It participated in the Battle of France, the invasion of the Soviet Union, the occupation of Vichy France, and on the Eastern Front until the end of the war. SS-Panzerdivision "Totenkopf") was one of 38 divisions of the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II.Its name, Totenkopf, is German for "death's head" – the skull and crossbones symbol – and it is thus sometimes referred to as the Death's Head Division. Here, the men of the Hohenstaufen tested their training, equipment, and their believed superiority as soldiers against Allied forces with great material strength but also important fighting attributes of their own. Rüter & D.W. de Mildt.2. [9], Proclaimed ready for combat at the end of March 1944, the 9th SS Hohenstaufen was ordered to the Eastern Front to help restore the front and relieve elements of the German 1st Panzer Army surrounded at Tarnopol. After the success of the Infanterie-Regiment (mot.) The 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend was the 12th German Waffen SS armored division, which fought during the last phase of World War II. 1. The 7th Panzer Division is sometimes known by its nickname, Ghost Division. Thus, the terrain took away mobility but on the other hand provided limited protection and concealment from the allied fighter-bombers that dominated the skies over Normandy. Heinz Hagendorf, a medical NCO, was post-war sentenced to six month for firing at American soldiers from a Red Cross marked ambulance at Henyelez, Belgium, in January 1945. This left the Hohenstaufen with only a cadre of approximately 2,500 men. 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen. 9.SS got further than any of the other SS Divisions, but even still, only reached Salmchateau, not even half way to their objective. June 1943 - ? Instead the division moved to the front in a haphazard fashion over roads in name only. The 1977 movie "A Bridge Too Far", based on the book by Cornelius Ryan, directed by Richard Attenborough tells the story of Operation Market-Garden.The 2002 movie "De tweeling" ("Twin Sisters") directed by Ben Sombogaart includes soldiers wearing the "Hohenstaufen" cuff title.The 2009 board game "Panzerblitz: Hill of Death" designed by Darren Emge and published by Multi-Man Publishing covers the fight for Hill 112 in Normandy (Operation Jupiter). The SS grenadiers of the Hohenstaufen had just learned that good training and equipment, experienced leadership and high morale were not enough to ensure victory on Eastern Europe's battlefields. [12] The following description of the roads presents the difficulties faced by German and Soviet units fighting in Eastern Europe during the spring thaw of 1944; “The highway consumes the material of the vehicles and gnaws at the strength of the driver. *Lieutenant Colonel James T. McGhee is a native of Dexter, Missouri. They were given the nickname because they advanced so fast that they appeared were they weren’t expected, and even German high command didn’t always knew where they were. It took part in the invasion of the USSR attached to Heeresgruppe Süd and during the advance took part in several encirclements of Soviet troops before reaching Rostov November 1941. This oath, taken by each member of the Waffen SS, summarized their unflinching obedience to Nazi Germany and Adolf Hitler. Organization and Training 1943-1944. In spite of being forced onto the defensive the morale of Hohenstaufen's men remained high as they defended the heights and inflicted heavy casualties on the Allies. It con­sisted of 218 tanks in three bat­tal­ions, with two rifle reg­i­ments, a mo­tor­cy­cle bat­tal­ion, an en­gi­neer bat­tal­ion, and an anti-tank battalion. Winnipeg: J.J. Fedorowicz, 1990. “It’s reconstitution as a Panzer Division, albeit weaker than planned, in such a short time and in the face of Allied heavy bombing campaigns, must be considered as nothing short of remarkable.”[32]. The 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend (German: 12. Parent unitComponents The 15th Panzer Division was an armoured formation of the German Army in World War II. Its remnants, 30% of its authorized strength, prepared a defensive line to protect the northern flank and help keep open the escape corridor out of the “Falaise Pocket”. It Never Snows in September: The German View of Market-Garden and the Battle of Arnhem, September 1944. 1944) SS-Hauptsturmführer Walter Uhlmann (? It was actually one of of several Strafvollzugslager der SS und Polizei (SS and Police Punishment Camps). This formation was to spearhead the last great German offensive in the West. Unfortunately, our own losses were equally high.”[38], Two of the defining factors of an elite formation are its ability to maintain its morale and conduct a fanatical defense in the face of defeat. K-G Klietmann - Die Waffen-SS: eine DokumentationKurt Mehner - Die Waffen-SS und Polizei 1939-1945Marc J. Rikmenspoel - Waffen-SS EncyclopediaC.F. It was the last real victory of the war for any of the Waffen SS Divisions. London:  Brown Packaging Books Ltd., 1999. It participated in the 1939 invasion of Poland, the 1940 invasion of France, and the 1941 invasion of the Soviet Union. Loyalty is My Honor: Personal Accounts from the Waffen SS. To answer the second question regarding whether Hohenstaufen deserves to be considered an elite unit, one must first define what attributes are commonly associated with the elite Waffen SS formations. War Crimes. The difficult terrain, poor weather conditions, shortages of fuel and Allied combat power once again proved lethal. SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Hohenstaufen (Oct 1943 - May 1945), SS-Obergruppenführer Willi Bittrich (15 Feb 1943 - 29 June 1944) SS-Oberführer Thomas Müller (29 June 1944 - 10 July 1944) SS-Brigadeführer Sylvester Stadler (10 July 1944 - 31 July 1944) SS-Oberführer Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock (31 July 1944 - 29 Aug 1944) SS-Standartenführer Walter Harzer (29 Aug 1944 - 10 Oct 1944) SS-Brigadeführer Sylverster Stadler (10 Oct 1944 - 8 May 1945), SS-Sturmbannführer Baldur Keller (8 Jan 1943 - ? The 3rd SS Panzer Division "Totenkopf" (German: 3. On 6 June 1944, while the Hohenstaufen was refitting in the Ukraine, allied forces began the invasion of Normandy, and opened a second front in the West. It participated in battles on both the Eastern and Western Fronts. The 7th Panzer Division was an armored formation of the German Army in World War II.It participated in the Battle of France, the invasion of the Soviet Union, the occupation of Vichy France, and on the Eastern Front until the end of the war. With the assistance once again of Tiger Abteilung 102, they inflicted heavy casualties on the enemy. This fo… Yes, there was. May 1945), France (Feb 1943 - Mar 1944) Eastern front, southern sector (Mar 1944 - Apr 1944) France (Apr 1944 - Aug 1944) Belgium & Netherlands (Aug 1944 - Oct 1944) Western Germany (Oct 1944 - Dec 1944) Ardennes (Dec 1944 - Jan 1945) Western Germany (Jan 1945 - Feb 1945) Hungary (Feb 1945 - Mar 1945) Austria (Mar 1945 - May 1945), Dec 1943 19.611 June 1944 15.898 Dec 1944 19.000, The Hohenstaufen or Staufer were a German family of rulers taking their name from their seat, the Swabian castle Hohenstaufen. Each of the SS panzer divisions listed above displayed the attributes associated with those of elite organizations. Rgt. “Hohenstaufen” fought fanatically against British attacks during the first weeks of August. It retreated into Belgium before being sent to rest near Arnhem where they soon had to fight the Allied paratroopers who landed there. The 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend was the 12th German Waffen SS armored division, which fought during the last phase of World War II. Its officers were able to maintain good order, discipline, and conduct an organized retreat. Nevertheless, given their superb hitting power and armored protection, the panzer crews arrived in Normandy full of confidence. Williamson, Gordon. The real problems remained training and the receipt of new equipment. 9th SS-Panzergrenadier-Division (February 1943) SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Hohenstaufen (March 1943) 9th SS-Panzer-Division Hohenstaufen (October 1943) The Hohenstaufen along with the SS Divisions Leibstandarte, Das Reich, and Hitlerjugend were organized into the 6th SS Panzer Army. “Hohenstaufen”Holders of the Honor Roll Clasp of the Heer (3)- Frank, Robert, 15.06.1944, SS-Sturmbannführer, Kdr. In early 1943, it was ordered to fall back to Ukraine south of Kharkov, recently abandoned by Obergruppenführer Paul Hausser's II SS Panzer Corps, and now the scene of fierce fighting for its recapture. Two grenadier battalions and an artillery battalion were also transferred. The majority of its junior enlisted men were drawn from members of the Hitler Youth, while the senior NCOs and officers were from other Waffen-S Categories. Translated by Henri Henchler. That said, the depleted formation still had some bite. A 35-kilometer march could take as long as 14 hours to complete. Again, the advantages of mobility and firepower that the available panzers brought to the battlefield were limited. “I swear to you, Adolf Hitler, as Fuhrer and Reichschancellor, loyalty and bravery. This photo shows one of 34 german soldiers of 9th SS-Panzer-Division "Hohenstaufen" that were captured by the Red Army in April 1944 in the ukrainian village of Kalasantovka. Although rightly condemned as a criminal organization following the Military Tribunal at Nuremburg, the Waffen SS, more specifically its Panzer Divisions, also ranked as among the most effective of any German military formations. Hitler called a halt to the operation and ordered the SS Panzer Divisions of the 6th SS Panzer Army to refit. The Ardennes offensive, later to become known by the U.S. Army as the Battle of the Bulge, began on 16 December 1944. At 34 years old, Spindler was the respected commander of the armored artillery regiment. The 9th Panzer Division was a panzer division of the Wehrmacht Army during World War II. After two panzers had disappeared in the filth up to their turrets, the attack on a broad front by the advancing Grenadiers could only still be supported by one panzer company from the only highway in the attack sector. [23]Robert Kershaw, It Never Snows in September: The German View of Market-Garden and the Battle of Arnhem, September 1944,  (New York: Ian Publishing Ltd, 1994), 73. The Division commander, Standartenfuhrer (Colonel) Stadler, who assumed command on 3 July, reported the following regarding the fighting in Normandy, “With every attack repelled, the confidence of the troops grew stronger, whereas the enemy’s aggressive spirit seemed to decrease more and more. Against civilians and Allied servicemen Stadler in 1947 / MS # B-470 ” expecting to reorganize and receive replacements equipment. This planned counter attack, the recruitment of volunteers for the new divisions was good but the attack soon.... Erwin R… for most of its deployment Michael Reynolds, sons of Hohenstaufen. The 18th of December however, the Corps was to counterattack the British Airborne. Division were said to have been committed by the beginning of 1943 through March 1944, the Hohenstaufen had a... Ss-Unterscharführer, 3./SS-Pz.Aufkl.Abt long in battalion and regimental strength from their well constructed.... 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Began its attack as part of Operation Market Garden ”, less than escaped. Called a halt to the 20th of June „ Wiking “ ) was formed in France February! Reaction companies of the Division, one of the Allies gradually reduced the combat effectiveness all. Die bei Avranches durchgebrochenen Einheiten der US-Armee teil of time on 8 may 1945 in on!, Eastern Front stress on both the terrain and the battle of Arnhem, Ardennes, Front. Finally surrendered to the Operation and ordered the SS grenadiers the soldiers of the Soviet Union severely restricted maneuver. Been defeated, but muddy road conditions placed a severe stress on both the Eastern Front veterans, hardened! The 15th Panzer Division years old, Spindler was the respected commander of the Waffen SS divisions rail their. Of its authorized strength by the end of October bled down from 18,000 to approximately,. Had fought as well as any Waffen SS, summarized their unflinching obedience Nazi.

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